Gadir - Archaeological Site
Historic Site in Cádiz
The Phoenicians from Tyre, in southern Lebanon were among the greatest Mediterranean traders from approximately 1,500 to 600 BC. It is thought that they founded the city of Gadir which is now known as Cádiz in Spain in about 800 BC. There are very few architectural remains from Phoenician settlements in the Western Mediterranean,which makes Gadir archaeological site so important.
The site is at the highest point of the ancient island of Erytheia, the smallest of the ancient archipelago belonging to Cadiz. The Archaeological Site of Gadir is structured around different layouts corresponding to the different periods of occupation of the settlement, and the street plan, houses and utensils from the 9th century BC are worthy of note. A total of eight houses with two terraces remain, organised around two cobbled streets.
The museum shows the evolution of Cádiz from its foundation in the 9th century BC as a Phoenician settlement on the top of the island of Erytheia, to its consolidation as a Roman city, passing through its total destruction in the 6th century BC.
In addition to these ruins, buildings from a factory for the Roman fishing industry are conserved, with their basins for salting fish.
This site is located in the old town and was discovered nine meters underground by the La Tía Norica Puppet Theater.
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