Piazza Tre Martiri
Historic Site and Square in Rimini
The Piazza Tre Martiri or Three Martyrs Square is a square in Rimini, Italy. The Ancient Roman Forum, situated at the intersection of the “decumanus” and the “cardo” Maximus, has played a central role in the city’s history. It was known for centuries as the “piazza delle herb,” and its enduring function is evidenced by the porticoes that grace its sides. In more recent history, it was renamed Piazza Tre Martiri in honor of three young partisans—Mario Cappelli, Luigi Nicolò, and Adelio Pagliarani—executed on August 16, 1944, at the location now marked by a marble memorial.
The War Memorial, located at the base of the Clock Tower, constructed in 1547, shaped the square into its current form and size. However, the upper portion of the tower was demolished following the earthquake of 1875. The tower features a clock, and since 1750, it has also displayed a dial with a calendar, zodiac movements, and moon phases.
Within the square stands a sixteenth-century memorial commemorating Julius Caesar’s address to his legions after crossing the Rubicon. In his memory, the square, which already bore his name, is adorned with a bronze statue—a replica of a Roman original.
Recent comprehensive redevelopment efforts in the historic center have given the square a fresh and evocative appearance. The flooring was meticulously designed, and the intersection of the cardo and decumanus, regarded as the heart of the city, is highlighted by a magnificent Renaissance sun motif, which is also present in the Tempio Malatestiano and on the clock tower’s dial.
Local and traditional materials were chosen for the square’s flooring, including durable sandstone from the Forlì Apennines, white limestone, and river flint.
Today, the square remains the vibrant center of the city, hosting a variety of shops, offices, bars, and pastry shops. It stands as a testament to Rimini’s rich history and its ongoing significance in the life of the community.
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