Historic Site in Cairo
Memphis, the ancient city and capital of Egypt, played a significant role throughout much of the country’s history. Situated on the west bank of the Nile River, approximately 15 miles (24 km) south of modern-day Cairo, Memphis is located south of the Nile River delta.
The famous pyramids of Egypt are found within the cemeteries or necropolises of Memphis, with the main pyramid fields stretching from north to south as Abū Ruwaysh, Giza, Zāwiyat al-ʿAryān, Abū Ṣīr, Ṣaqqārah, and Dahshūr. In recognition of its cultural and historical significance, the Memphis archaeological zone was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1979.
Egypt’s very first capital city was Memphis, which according to some records, may have existed as early as 6000 BC. Today, visitors can explore the open-air museum, which showcases the city’s foundations, stump pillars, and several statues.
During a visit, tourists can view many of the city’s notable highlights, including the alabaster sphinx and the enormous statue of Ramesses II.