Campanile di Giotto (Giotto's Bell Tower)

Tower in Florence

Campanile Di Giotto

The Giotto’s Bell Tower, also known as the Campanile di Giotto, is a stunning example of 14th-century Florentine Gothic architecture located in Piazza Duomo, Florence. Standing at a height of 84.70 meters and 15 meters wide, it complements the nearby Cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, also clad in white, red, and green marble.

The construction of the bell tower began in 1334 under the direction of Giotto di Bondone, a renowned artist and architect of the early Renaissance. Unfortunately, Giotto passed away before the completion of the tower, and the project was continued by Andrea Pisano. The works were eventually finished in 1359 by Francesco Talenti, who added the large windows on the upper levels.

The bell tower’s sculptural decoration is incredibly elaborate and is considered one of the most complex figurative cycles of the Middle Ages. It features 56 reliefs in two superimposed registers and 16 life-size statues in the niches. These sculptures were created by talented Florentine artists of the 14th and 15th centuries, including Andrea Pisano, Donatello, and Luca Della Robbia. The panels and lozenges depict various themes, such as the creation of man, works and arts, the planets, the virtues, and the sacraments. The statues in the niches represent patriarchs, prophets, kings of Israel, and pagan sibyls. Notably, Donatello’s “Sacrifice of Isaac” stands out as a splendid example of fifteenth-century naturalism.

To fully appreciate the artistic beauty of the Giotto’s Bell Tower, visitors can admire the originals of all the sculptures at the Museo dell’Opera del Duomo. Additionally, those seeking an extraordinary view of the historic center of Florence can climb the 414 steps to the top of the bell tower. From the large terrace, they can marvel at Brunelleschi’s dome and enjoy a breathtaking panoramic view of the city below. It offers a unique and unforgettable experience, providing a close-up encounter with Florence’s architectural wonders and the cityscape at one’s feet.

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Visiting Campanile di Giotto (Giotto's Bell Tower)

Address: Campanile di Giotto, Cattedrale di Santa Maria del Fiore, Piazza del Duomo, Florence, Metropolitan City of Florence, Italy
Duration: 40 minutes
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