Cathedral in Modena
Just off Via Emilia, which is named after the ancient Roman road it traces, stands the impressive Modena Cathedral. This Romanesque basilica was initiated in 1099 and completed in the 13th century. The cathedral is a masterpiece of European Romanesque architecture and artistry, with its exterior and interior adorned with exquisite stone carvings.
The cathedral was designed by the architect Lanfranco and features the craftsmanship of the master sculptor Wiligelmo. Its facade is adorned with a stunning 13th-century rose window, while marble lions provide support for the portico. The main door and side doors showcase reliefs that are among the earliest examples of Romanesque sculptures in Italy.
Inside the cathedral, visitors can admire 13th-century sculptures depicting the Passion on the choir screen and the pulpit. The cathedral also boasts intricately carved lecterns and exceptional medieval stone carving displayed in the capitals and deep-relief panels. The crypt beneath the cathedral features a unique sculptural group called the “Adoration of the Infant Christ,” sculpted by Guido Mazzoni after 1480. This group is set beneath a roof supported by 30 delicate columns.
Modena Cathedral stands as a testament to the skill and creativity of its architects, sculptors, and artists, showcasing the beauty and craftsmanship of European Romanesque architecture and art.
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