Cabo da Roca

Lighthouse in Sintra

Cabo Da Roca On Sunset
CC BY-SA 4.0 / Olga1969

Don’t miss out on visiting Cabo da Roca, the westernmost point of mainland Europe, when you’re in Sintra.

This important landmark, located at latitude 38º 47´ north and longitude 9º 30´ west, has historical significance for those navigating along the coast, as it serves as the most westerly point of mainland Europe. Visitors can even take away certificates as a souvenir.

At a height of about 150 meters above the sea level, Cabo da Roca offers breath-taking panoramic views of the Serra de Sintra and the coast. Although historical records indicate the existence of a fort on Cabo da Roca in the 17th century to guard Lisbon’s harbour during the Peninsular Wars, only traces of it remain. However, the lighthouse still serves as a crucial navigation point.

Cabo da Roca is located within the Parque Natural de Sintra-Cascais and is a must-visit point of interest on the walking trails along the coast.

Visiting Cabo da Roca


24 Hours



Address: Cabo da Roca, Estrada do Cabo da Roca, Colares, Portugal
Duration: 20 minutes

Tours and Activities from Sintra

Fort of São João Batista de Esposende

Historic Building and Lighthouse in Esposende

Aerial photograph of Esposende
CC BY-SA 4.0 / Joseolgon

The Fort of São João Baptista de Esposende, also known as Castelo de São João Baptista and Fort of Esposende, is situated in the parish of Esposende, Marinhas and Gandra, within the city and municipality of Esposende in the Braga district of Portugal.

Initially constructed to defend the mouth of the Cávado river, this marine fort was built between 1699 and 1704 during the reign of Pedro II of Portugal (1667-1706). Its original design featured an irregular star-shaped plan with a bulwark at each apex and a hexagonal-shaped guardhouse for each. The fort’s service buildings were situated on its embankment, including an 18th-century chapel.

However, following the installation of a lighthouse, the fort underwent modifications and now has a rectangular plan with only two bulwarks and respective guardhouses at each angle. It comprises four buildings with hipped roofs, some in a state of ruin.

The lighthouse, located on the southwest side of the fort, features a cylindrical iron tower on a circular cement base with a lantern and service balcony painted red. Adjacent to the lighthouse is a rectangular building with two yellow-painted floors designated for the lighthouse keepers.

Visiting Fort of São João Batista de Esposende

Address: Forte de São João Baptista, Arquipélago das Berlengas, Peniche, Portugal
Duration: 20 minutes

Tours and Activities from Esposende

Dunnet Head & Dunnet Head Lighthouse

Lighthouse, Nature Reserve and Walk in Caithness

Dunnet Head Lighthouse
CC BY-SA 1.0 / Peter_Glyn

This rugged Caithness peninsula has the honour of being the most northerly point of mainland Britain. It’s a wild and untamed landscape, with stunning sea cliffs and coastal grasslands which are home to puffins, razorbills, guillemots, fulmars and kittiwake. The trip of a few miles from the sweeping sand dunes and beach at Dunnet village to the lighthouse rewards the visitor with magnificent cliff-top views of Orkney and west along the coast to Cape Wrath. In early summer, the cliffs are alive with seabirds nesting on the steep ledges. A walk along the cliff top through flower-rich heathland gives you a chance to experience the ferocity of the Pentland Firth as it rounds this headland. Dunnet Head is managed as a nature reserve by the RSPB.

Visiting Dunnet Head & Dunnet Head Lighthouse

Duration: 20 minutes

Tours and Activities from Caithness

Tobermory Lighthouse

Lighthouse in Isle of Mull

Rubha Nan Gall Lighthouse, Mull
CC BY-SA 3.0 / User:Colin

Rubha nan Gall lighthouse is located north of Tobermory on the Isle of Mull beside the Sound of Mull. The name means “Stranger’s Point” in Scottish Gaelic. It was built in 1857 by David and Thomas Stevenson and is operated by the Northern Lighthouse Board. The lighthouse was automated in 1960 and the nearby former keepers’ cottages are privately owned.

The recently renovated path to the impressive Rubha nan Gall Lighthouse features stunning views over to the mainland and Tobermory Harbour.

In August 2013, the former keepers’ cottages were sold and after extensive renovation work, one is a private home and the other is a self-catering cottage. Access is by sea or a 1.3-mile (2.1-kilometre) footpath from Tobermory along the steep wooded coastline. The cottages have no mains electricity or water; instead a private spring supplies water, while an off-grid solar system provides power.

Visiting Tobermory Lighthouse

Duration: 20 minutes

Tours and Activities from Isle of Mull

Neist Point Light House

Lighthouse, Viewing point and Walk in Isle of Skye

Neist Point is one of the most famous lighthouses in Scotland and can be found on the most westerly tip of Skye, offering excellent views over the Outer Hebrides. It was designed by David Alan Stevenson and was first lit on 1 November 1909. An aerial cableway is used to take supplies to the lighthouse and cottages. Visitors can enjoy a nice walk from the carpark, where they can take in the stunning views of the surrounding cliffs and the lighthouse itself, at sunset the view is made even more spectacular making this a top destination for landscape photographers.

Neist Point was used as the dramatic setting for a number of scenes in the movie Breaking The Waves in 1996, starring Emily Watson. A mock cemetery was constructed for the scenes, which remained for several years afterwards. More recently, scenes for the movie, 47 Ronin, starring Keanu Reeves, were filmed on the headland at Neist in October 2012.

Planning your visit to the Neist Point Light House

Where to park when visiting the Neist Point Light House?

Neist Point is situated in the West Coast of Skye in the area known as ‘Durinish’. The start of the walk is at the very end of the single track road near Glendale. The carpark is located at very end of the single track road 10.5miles from Dunvegan. The carpark is not that big so fills up quickly, further back along the road there are more spaces by the road.

Walking along Neist Point Trail

The only actual private area is that fenced around the lighthouse and cottages – the rest is the common grazings for Waterstein township.

Neist Point Trail: Stage 1 – Down the Cliff

At the end of the carpark there is an small building beyond which is the start of the trail. After a few metres the trail turns to the left, then ahead you will see the hand rail for a short flight of steps leading you down the cliff face. At the bottom of these steps you will notice a shed and a wire system that was used for getting equipment down the cliff. Pass the shed and continue along the path. There are a few grass paths leading to the right from the main concrete path, which take you to the cliff top.

Neist Point Trail: Stage 2 –Neist Cliff Viewpoint

The concrete track starts to climb up the next cliff section with a hand rail on your left. As you reach the highest point of this raise you will get your first view of the light house on the right and the Neist Point Jetty on the left – this was a landing point for boats that used to drop of supplies.. It may be worth walking further up the highpoint to the Neist Cliff Viewpoint, a great place for photographs. Follow the path on as it drops downhill and on to the lighthouse.

Neist Point Trail: Stage 3 – Neist Point Lighthouse

Follow the trail as it drops down to the Lighthouse. Once you have reached the lighthouse take some time to explore – in front of the lighthouse there is field of stone towers, all built by walkers. Over to the left there is the landing point where supplies used to be delivered by boat, the crane remains in place. The rocks by the lighthouse are especially good for fishing from, large Pollock can be caught. Off the point in the summer months whales are regularly seen, as are Basking Sharks.

Neist Point Trail: Stage 4 – The Return

Use the same path that you came on to return you to the carpark.

Visiting Neist Point Light House

Duration: 2 hours

Tours and Activities from Isle of Skye